Construction of new gyrogroups and the structure of their subgyrogroups

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Pure Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan 87317-53153, I. R. Iran

2 Department of Pure Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan 87317-53153, I. R. Iran.

3 Department of Mathematics, Savadkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Savadkooh, I. R. Iran



Suppose that $G$ is a groupoid with binary operation $\otimes$. The pair $(G,\otimes)$ is said to be a gyrogroup if the operation $\otimes$ has a left identity, each element $a \in G$ has a left inverse and the left gyroassociative law and the left loop property are satisfied in $G$. In this paper, a method for constructing new gyrogroups from old ones is presented and the structure of subgyrogroups of these gyrogroups are also given. As a consequence of this work, five $2-$gyrogroups of order $2^n$, $n\geq 3$, are presented. Some open questions are also proposed.


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